The Foot Bone’s connected to the Head Bone


Your body is susceptible to movement dysfunctions and neuro-musculo-skeletal imbalances.

This may be due to:

  1. Repetitive movements
  2. Overuse
  3. Sedentary living
  4. Improper movement techniques.

As a result, these dysfunctions can result in many of the common injuries that are prevalent both in athletes and the general population.

The foot and ankle complex is a region of the body with great influence on the entire Human Movement System (also known as the Kinetic Chain).

This anatomical region represents our base of support and is the main contact point between the ground and the body.

If there is movement impairment within the foot and ankle region, it can lead to various symptomatic responses, e.g. plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis, shin splints, etc.

It is estimated that about 70 percent of the population over-pronate.

Over pronation is a problem with a lot of potential for adverse effects on the entire body (not just the foot and ankle).

Because the body is an interconnected chain (kinetic chain), compensation or dysfunction in one region will lead to dysfunctions in other areas, e.g. knee, low back, shoulder, neck and the upper extremities.

The Foot Bone’s connected to the Head Bone

Over pronation of the foot is often a result of altered lower leg motion and alignment, which is indicative of muscle imbalances, i.e. over activity of some muscles and under activity of others.

The combination of over- and under active muscles can cause the knee too to adduct and internally rotate (move in), affecting joint alignment.

When the knee moves in as a result of these muscle imbalances,  it causes abnormal tension on muscles that attach to the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex, resulting in destabilization of this area, joint dysfunction and low back pain.

Any alterations in pelvic positioning and stability will directly affect the latissimus dorsi muscle, which attaches to the pelvis as well as the shoulder region. This can result in shoulder, neck and upper extremity injuries.


In order to determine the appropriate Corrective strategies (e.g. therapy and exercises), identification of dysfunction should be done through an integrated assessment consisting of a:

1. Movement assessment

2. Range of motion measurement

3. Manual muscle testing.

The integrated assessment process enables a health professional to identify the overactive and underactive myofascial tissues and joint fixations.

It may be apparent through this assessment that the chronic pain you are experiencing in one area of your body is in part due to dysfunction in an area above or below.

Once these dysfunctions are uncovered, the appropriate corrective strategy can be developed.

About the Author

Dr. Geoff LecovinNaturopathic Physician/Chiropractor/Acupuncturist/Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist/Corrective Exercise Specialist/Performance Enhancement Specialist/Certified Sports Nutritionist/View all posts by Dr. Geoff Lecovin